Male Pattern Baldness: Understanding the Causes and Effective Treatments

Usman Majid

Male Pattern Baldness: Understanding the Causes and Effective Treatments

Male Hair Loss: Causes and Treatments

Male pattern baldness is a common condition that affects a significant portion of the male population worldwide. It is characterized by hair loss in a specific pattern, beginning with a receding hairline and thinning at the crown of the head. In this article, we will explore the cause of baldness and the most effective treatments.

Cause of Male Pattern Baldness

Also known as androgenetic alopecia, is caused by genes. It is inherited from either the mother’s or father’s side of the family and is related to the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is derived from testosterone.

DHT causes hair follicles to shrink, leading to shorter and thinner hair, and the follicles stop producing hair altogether. This process starts at the front of the scalp and progresses to the crown, resulting in a “M” or “U” shaped hairline.

While genetics is one of the causes of male pattern baldness, other factors such as stress, diet, and lifestyle can also contribute to its onset.

Effective Treatments for Male Pattern Baldness

Fortunately, several effective treatments are available that can help slow down, stop, or even reverse hair loss caused by male pattern baldness.


This is a popular treatment for male pattern baldness that is available over the counter. It comes in the form of a topical solution or foam and is applied directly to the scalp. Minoxidil works by increasing blood flow to the hair follicles, which can lead to hair growth and reduce hair loss. It is effective in slowing down or stopping hair loss in men with male pattern baldness. It can also lead to some hair regrowth, although the results vary from person to person. Minoxidil is typically used twice a day and may take several months to produce noticeable results.


This is a prescription medication that is taken orally. It works by blocking the conversion of testosterone to DHT, which can help reduce hair loss and promote hair regrowth. Finasteride is effective in men with male pattern baldness. However, finasteride does have some potential side effects, including decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, and lower semen volume. These side effects are generally rare and usually resolve when the medication is discontinued.


This is a B vitamin that is essential for healthy hair, skin, and nails. It is found in many foods, including eggs, nuts, and whole grains, and is also available in supplement form. Biotin supplements are often marketed as a natural alternative. While biotin is essential for healthy hair growth, there is limited evidence to support its use as a treatment. However, some studies suggest they may help improve hair thickness and reduce hair shedding in people with thinning hair.

DHT-blocking shampoos:

These shampoos contain ingredients that block DHT, such as ketoconazole or saw palmetto. They can be effective in reducing hair loss and promote hair to grow.

In addition to these treatments, other factors such as stress, poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and certain medical conditions can also lead to male hair loss. We need to address these factors to help prevent or slow down hair loss.

By understanding the causes of hair loss and utilizing effective treatments, it is possible to slow down, stop, or even reverse hair loss caused by this condition.

Male Pattern Baldness

This article is for informational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute for professional medical advice. Always ask your doctor about the risks and benefits of treatment.